Miyawaki Method of Afforestation
"Restoration of Native Forest by Native Trees"
Designed by Akira Miyawaki in the 1980s, these urban forests are grown using the Miyawaki method. Such forests can be grown in small patches in urban areas or even in your backyard and typically make use of native or local seeds and saplings. What’s unique about this? These forests grow quickly in small areas and consist of densely packed trees and shrubs, ideal for cluttered urban landscapes. The plants and trees grow upwards towards the sunlight, and the bio diverse forest also attracts fauna like butterflies and bees that are beneficial for the ecosystem.
Why Miyawaki Forest?
Unique Features of Miyawaki Forest
We can use this method to grow an urban forest in a short span of 20-30 years. (Note that a conventional forest takes 200-300 years to grow naturally). In this method, various native species of plants are planted close to each other so that the plants receive sunlight only from the top and grow upwards instead of sideways, as a result, the plantation becomes:
- 30 times denser
- Grows 10 times faster
- Maintenance free after a span of 3 years.
Over 40 million trees have been planted worldwide with this method. The Miyawaki technique is a unique afforestation methodology proven to work worldwide, irrespective of the soil and climatic conditions.
Like all living things the infantry’s or the baby saplings need care and understanding for survival and growth. Conventionally most forests grow in stages the primary stage, the secondary stage and finally the climax stage. Miyawaki method plants climax forest and not alone mind you, it plants a climax community. This helps us maintain balance and we can keep growing and surviving forever.
In the climax ecosystem, the energy used from the sunlight and the energy released by decomposition is well balanced it means between uptake of the nutrients from the soil and return of the nutrient by litter fall to the soil are all well balanced. Trees in the climbing stage are replaced by others of the same kind. Thus, the species combination maintains balance.
The selection of plant species is based on the:
- Types of Soil
- Climatic Condition
Benefits of Miyawaki Forest
- There are 30 times more species in the same area as compared to the conventional plantations.
- There is a substantial 30 times increase in noise isolation and dust isolation which is really very important.
- There is up to 30 times or more carbon dioxide absorption as compared to conventional forests.
- There is granted growth of at least one meter every year.
- It is completely maintenance-free, completely wild and you get a native forest after the first 3 years itself that’s a completely chemical fertilizer free forest that sustains itself and supports local biodiversity.
- The most important part- no maintenance is required after three years. And the communities get a bio diverse plantation enabling ecosystems of birds and butterflies.
- The best part is it is the very modular customizable modern-day plantation that can be modified and inserted in everyday spaces available around us.